Pope Benedict XVI called for the establishment of an independent
Palestinian homeland immediately after he arrived in Israel Monday, a
stance that could put him at odds with his hosts on a trip aimed at
easing strains between the Vatican and Jews.
The pope also took on the delicate issue of the Holocaust, pledging
to “honor the memory” of the 6 million Jewish victims of the Nazi
genocide at the start of his five-day visit to Israel and the
Benedict urged Israelis and Palestinians to “explore every possible
avenue” to resolve their differences in remarks at the airport after he
“The hopes of countless men, women and children for a more secure
and stable future depend on the outcome of negotiations for peace,” he
said. “In union with people of good will everywhere, I plead with all
those responsible to explore every possible avenue in the search for a
just resolution of the outstanding difficulties, so that both peoples
may live in peace in a homeland of their own within secure and
internationally recognized borders.”
While Benedict’s support for a Palestinian homeland alongside
Israel is widely shared by the international community, including the
United States, it was noteworthy that he made the call in his first
[Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, leader of the hard-line
Likud Party, has pointedly refused to endorse the two-state solution
since his election. But he is expected to come under pressure to do so
when he travels to Washington next week.]
The pope has tried to improve interfaith relations throughout his
four-year papacy. But Benedict has had to tread carefully on his Middle
East visit after coming under sharp criticism from both Muslims and
Jews for past statements. He is hoping his weeklong trip to the Holy
Land, which began with three days in neighboring Jordan, will improve
The Vatican has called his trip to the Middle East a journey of
hope and faith. But what Benedict’s encountering in this part of the
world, said CBS News correspondent Richard Roth, is more like opportunity and risk. Plenty of both lie ahead.
Pope Benedict XVI is greeted as he arrives at the International Stadium
of Amman to celebrate a Holy Mass, Sunday, May 10, 2009.)
Benedict infuriated many Jews by recently welcoming back to the Church a bishop who denies the Holocaust took place.
The Vatican has come under widespread criticism over the years for
not doing enough to stop the genocide – a charge it rejects. And the
German-born pope himself has faced questions for his involvement in the
Hitler Youth corps during the war. Benedict says he was coerced. The
pope also outraged Jews earlier this year when he revoked the
excommunication of an ultraconservative bishop who denies the
Later Monday, Benedict is scheduled to lay a wreath at Israel’s Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial.
“It is right and fitting that, during my stay in Israel, I will
have the opportunity to honor the memory of the 6 million Jewish
victims of the Shoah,” he said, using the Hebrew word for the
Holocaust. He said he would “pray that humanity will never again
witness a crime of such magnitude.”
To some survivors, it’s an important gesture – especially from a pope who is German.
“I’m very glad that he is coming to Israel, to Jerusalem, to Yad
Vashem, that he is speaking there and thus is recognizing the fact that
the Shoah is a major event in Jewish life,” said Holocaust researcher
Dignitaries and religious leaders greeted the pontiff at a
red-carpet ceremony at the Tel Aviv airport. Yellow and white Vatican
flags fluttered alongside blue and white Israeli banners as an honor
guard played in the background.
The pope smiled as he walked along the carpet, flanked by Israeli
President Shimon Peres on one side and Netanyahu on the other. Other
political leaders, along with black-robed Christian clergymen and
Muslim religious leaders, stood in line to shake his hand.
“Your visit here brings a blessed understanding between religions
and spreads peace near and far. Historic Israel and the renewed Israel
together welcome your arrival as paving the great road to peace,” Peres
The pope plans to visit holy sites in both Israel and the
Palestinian territories. He also will try to draw attention to the
shrinking Christian community in the Holy Land.
In Jordan, he said he had a “deep respect” for Islam and toured the
country’s largest mosque, where he did not pray but had a moment of
Pope Benedict XVI listens to Jordan’s Prince Ghazi bin Mohammed at the
Bethany beyond the Jordan river, the site of Christ’s baptism, west of
Amman, Jordan on Sunday. King Abdullah II, left, and Queen Rania,
right, look on.)
His host thanked Benedict for expressing regret over remarks he
made in 2006 that angered many in the Muslim world, when he quoted a
Medieval text that characterized some of Islam’s Prophet Muhammad’s
teachings as “evil and inhuman,” particularly “his command to spread by
the sword the faith. He later expressed regret that his comments
Here the pope stressed he has “deep respect” for Islam. At the same
time he denounced what he called the “manipulation of religion” for
political purposes, that’s led to violence.
Celebrating mass at a soccer stadium in Amman Sunday, Pope Benedict
acknowledged the hardship faced by his followers here. He urged them to
hold on to their faith.
“The Catholic community here is deeply touched by the difficulties
and uncertainties which affect the people of the Middle East,” he said.
Before heading to Israel, Benedict urged Christians and Muslims at
a farewell ceremony in Jordan to work for religious tolerance. He said
his visit to a Jordan’s largest mosque was one of the highlights so far
of his first Middle East pilgrimage.
“I would like to encourage all Jordanians, whether Christian or
Muslim to build on the firm foundations of religious tolerance that
enable the members of different communities to live together in peace
and mutual respect,” Benedict said.
During his three days in Jordan, the pope said he hoped the Catholic Church could be a force for peace in the region.
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